Amartya Sen is one of the renowned economists and philosopher belonged to India. He was born on 3 November 1933 in West Bengal, India. He has been working in the field of economics and the advisor to India, the England and the United States of America. Especially, he is working to improve the social justice and economic status of the under poverty people in India. A Ph.D. in economics, Sen extensively researched on various problems affecting the socially backward communities. Over the years, he introduced innovative solutions to help underdeveloped countries cope with social problems like poverty, famine, gender inequality, human rights, and biased liberalism. This earned him the title of “the Conscience and the Mother Teresa of Economics.” Sen has written many books to convey his theories on social welfare, most of which gives us an insightful and practical elucidation on how to curtail such crisis. Amartya Sen was elected as the Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the year 1981.The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to him for his work in welfare economics in 1998. In 1999, he was honored with the Bharat Ratna by the then President of India. The year 2000 proved to be a good year for Amartya Sen as this was the year when he was bestowed with a number of distinguished awards such as Companion of Honor in UK, Leontief Prize from the Global Development and Environment Institute, and Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service. In the same year, he was also chosen as the Commencement Speaker of Harvard University. Sen’s legacy boast his ability to not only convince governments and international organizations to look in to matters concerning poverty alleviation, but also find ways to compensate the poor for their sufferings and lost earnings and control food prices. He is a staunch proponent of social reforms, such as education and public healthcare, for economic growth.